Minggu, 09 Desember 2012



Pseudogout (SOO-doe-gout) is a form of arthritis characterized by sudden, painful swelling in one or more of your joints. These episodes can last for days or weeks. Pseudogout typically occurs in older adults and most commonly affects the knee.

Pseudogout is caused by the collection of salt called calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD). The buildup of this salt forms crystals in the joints. This leads to attacks of joint swelling and pain in the knees, wrists, ankles, and other joints. Pseudogout usually affects only one or a few joints at a time. The attacks of joint inflammation characterized by acute joint swelling, warmth, stiffness, and pain. May last for days to weeks and can resolve spontaneously.

Pseudogout can be diagnosed based on symptoms and medical tests. The physician will use a needle to take fluid from a swollen or painful joint to determine whether calcium pyrophosphate crystals are present. An X-ray of the joint may be taken to determine whether calcium-containing deposits are present in the cartilage, creating a condition known as chondrocalcinosis. Other potential causes of symptoms, such as gout, rheumatoid arthritis, or infection, must be ruled out.

Treatments and Drugs
Treatments and drugs to relieve the pain and inflammation of pseudogout include:
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Aleve) and indomethacin (Indocin); Colchicine, this medication reduces inflammation in people with gout, but it may also be useful in people with pseudogout who can't take NSAIDs; Joint aspiration and injection. To relieve pain and pressure in an affected joint, your doctor inserts a needle and removes some of the joint fluid. Then he or she injects a corticosteroid to decrease inflammation and an anesthetic to temporarily numb your joint; Take a rest.

It is not known how to prevent pseudogout. If the condition has developed because of some other medical conditions, such as hemochromatosis (too much iron stored in the body), or parathyroid problems. Treatment of that condition may prevent progression of other features of that potentially dangerous illness and may in some cases, slow the development of pseudogout.

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*Tugas Nama Medis PK2MABA FKUB 2010


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